E-ISSN 2564-615X
Research Article
Epilobium angustifolium L.: A medicinal plant with therapeutic properties
1 Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine  
2 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Perugia, Italy  
3 Department of Pharmaceutical Science, University of Perugia, 06100 Perugia, Italy  
4 T.E.I. of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece  
Eurobiotech J 2017; 1: 126-131
DOI: 10.24190/ISSN2564-615X/2017/02.03
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Epilobium angustifolium L. is a medicinal plant belonging to the Onagraceae family, which includes more than 200 different species from all over the world. Traditional medicinal applications include treatment of prostate, gastrointestinal, menstrual disorders and recently it has been used for its analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity. In this investigation E. angustifolium was collected in Ternopil region of Ukraine.


The obtained data demonstrated that E. angustifolium herb extract, rich in polyphenolic compounds such as flavonoids and tannins, display high antioxidant properties. In addition the potential anticancer activity has been investigated in vitro on human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2).


Furthermore the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of E. angustifolium have been investigated respectively by MTT and Comet assay. Results showed that at low concentration, up to 25 μg/mL, the cytotoxic effect was not observed. Increasing concentration from 50 to 75 μg/mL reduced significantly cell viability and induced an important DNA damage in hepatocellular carcinoma.


These promising data were also confirmed with mitochondrial potential test. It is possible to conclude that E. angustifolium has beneficial properties in low concentration, in term of antioxidant activity, and it could be a potential antitumoral natural product if it will be used at high concentration.

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