E-ISSN 2564-615X
Research Article
Isolation and culture of endothelial cells from embryonic rat yolk sac
1 Department of Anatomy, University of Erciyes, Kayseri, Turkey  
2 Department of Anatomy, University of Selcuk, Konya, Turkey  
3 Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Biology, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK  
Eurobiotech J 2017; 1: 149-154
DOI: 10.24190/ISSN2564-615X/2017/02.06
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Abstract

Yolk sac blood islands are the first morphologic evidence of hematopoietic development during mammalian embryogenesis, and visseral yolk sac mesoderm gives rise to the first embryonic blood cells within a rich endothelial network. Present study reports the isolation and culture of endothelial cells from 11.5 days old embryonic rat yolk sac. The embryos were dissected from 11.5 days pregnant Wistar rat (Rattus norvegicus) and the external yolk sac membrane and embryos were removed under aseptic condition. After washing three times with Calcium-Magnesium free Hank’s balanced salt solution (CMF-HBSS), the tissue was minced, and fragments were incubated in CMF-HBSS containing 2mg/ml Trypsin, 100mg/ml collagenase I and 40mg/ml DNAse at 37°C until the tissue was completely dispersed. The digestion effect was then neutralized by fetal bovine serum at 1:3 (v/v). The cell suspension was centrifuged at 1000 rpm for 10 min., the supernatants were discarded and the cell pellets resuspended in Dulbecco modified Eagle medium containing 15% fetal bovine serum, 1.25mg/ml amphotericin B, 25mg/ml gentamycin sulphate and 100mg/ml endothelial cell growth supplement. The resuspended cells were plated in two diverse 25cm2 culture flasks for overnight differential adherence at 37°C. The non-adherent cells were removed by gentle aspiration and adherent cells refed with fresh medium. The cells were transferred using 1ml of 0.2% Trypsin when cultures reached near-confluence. The cultured yolk sac endothelial cells had characteristic cobblestone appearence and positive immunofluorescent staining for von Willebrand Factor (vWF). Weibel–Palade bodies, the major ultrastructural marker for endothelium, were also detected in cultured cells by electron microscopy.

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